Can we ever attribute comments that a character in a story makes to be the opinions of the author who wrote them?
This question comes to me often when reading various authors like Robert Heinlein, and recently, to a lesser extent, Ursula Le Guin. When an author writes about something “political”, we seem to automatically ask that question. Should we attribute certain remarks in a book as being of the author’s true political opinion?
I would venture to say that most science fiction authors (or rather, most authors) do not state strong opinions in their writing. They neither state them nor dwell on them, because they run the risk of becoming “political” or siding with a certain political or religious group.
Statements by certain characters, such as the “good guy”, may indicate a leaning by the author. I say “good guy” because that is a major factor. A good guy (forgive my simplicity here regarding good vs bad) who gives an opinion should be more likely to be representative of what the author thinks, than if a “bad guy” gives it. Simple enough.
In general I regard this as a dangerous practice, attributing an opinion to the author, but sometimes I can’t help myself.
Oftentimes good guys are of mixed morals. (Some would say the best good guys are of mixed morals!) They follow the good “moral” path only after certain events and perhaps emotions goad them into doing so. So it would be dangerous to assume anything that this type of character says to be what the author believes, for that and other reasons. But perhaps a long-time good guy or elder in a story, may give more indication of the author’s true beliefs.
I’ve deemed certain authors political, like John Barnes, Heinlein, and Ayn Rand, but I came to that conclusion only after a pattern emerged that led me there. And maybe that’s what it comes down to. There must be an overt pattern in a story or an author’s books that all of them point in one direction, toward that opinion, before you should safely make that claim.
Regardless of all of this, I think nearly all authors are trying to get a point across about humanity and if they can let you figure it out, without being explicit, but lead you to the answers piece by piece, their job has been to some extent completed.
At least that’s my take on it.